Lesson 8 — Feast of Trumpets

The trumpet was an important instrument in ancient Israel, and even Yahweh’s presence at Sinai was accompanied by a sharp trumpet sound. What can this Feast teach us about Yahweh and coming events? Let us find out.

The Feast of Trumpets is a memorial of blowing trumpets.

Correct! Wrong!

a. The Feast of Trumpets is a day of blowing of Trumpets (Lev. 23:24). The Hebrew signifies a memorial of shouting for joy with trumpets, Rituals requiring the blowing of trumpets daily, weekly, monthly, and annually were an important part of Israel’s worship of Yahweh (Num. 10:10). On this feast, trumpets were blown throughout the day to announce the morning and evening sacrifices, the New Moon and its sacrifices, the Feast itself and its sacrifices, and if it fell on the weekly Sabbath, separate blasts would announce the Sabbath and its sacrifices (see Ps. 81:3).

Only work relating to making a living is prohibited on this observance.

Correct! Wrong!

b. The Feast of Trumpets prohibits servile work (Lev. 23:25; Num. 29:1). The word “servile” is from the Hebrew word abodah and means “work of any kind.” Therefore, the Feast of Trumpets prohibits all work, not just work relating to our jobs. When the Jews returned from Babylonian Exile under the direction of Nehemiah, they were instructed not to buy or sell on a Sabbath or on a Feast Day (Neh. 10:31), including the Feast of Trumpets.

The Feast of Trumpets is observed during what month?

Correct! Wrong!

d. This Feast is observed during the seventh month. The name of the seventh month in Hebrew is Ethanim (1Kings 8:2). It usually falls during the month of September in our Gregorian calendar, but can range over both our September and October, thus allowing the Feast of Trumpets to be observed in October occasionally.

The moon is at what phase on the Feast of Trumpets?

Correct! Wrong!

a. The Feast of Trumpets is observed on the first day of the seventh month (Lev. 23:24), and is the only Feast falling on a new moon day. The biblical new moon is the first visible crescent. The word for new moon in the Hebrew is chodesh, which is defined in Strong’s Concordance as “the new moon; by implication, a month.” The word chodesh is from the Hebrew chadash, which literally means to rebuild or to be new. Until the time of Yahshua the Jews confirmed each new month with the sighting of the first visible crescent, as we also understand the Scriptures to teach. After sighting the new moon, designated individuals would run to the Jewish court, or Sanhedrin, and report the sighting, thus the start of the new month was declared official. Judaism today observes the conjunction as the new moon. The conjunction is neither rebuilding nor new, but is the dark or invisible moon. This is the stage prior to the visible crescent. During the conjunction the moon lies squarely between the earth and the sun and cannot be seen here on earth, sometimes for a couple of days. The following authority details the Jews’ progression away from the actual sighting of the crescent to a purely calculated new moon: “The Hebrew or Jewish calendar had three stages of development: the preexilic, or Biblical; the postexilic or Talmudic; and the postTalmudic. The first rested on observation merely, the second on observation coupled with calculation, and the third on calculation only. In the first period the priests determined the beginning of each by the appearance of the new moon…” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, article, “Calendar”).

The Feast of Trumpets is called Ro’sh Hashanah because it marks the beginning of the _____ .

Correct! Wrong!

b. The term Ro’sh Hashanah means “head of the year,” which refers to the start of the civil year. This is not the start of the biblical or sacred year. The biblical year begins in the month of Abib, which is Hebrew meaning “young ears of grain.” The word Abib describes a specific state of maturity of barley in the Middle East during the first month of the biblical year. Since Ro’sh Hashanah scripturally is not the “head of the year,” we avoid this term when referring to the Feast of Trumpets. The Feast of Trumpets, as shown, is observed on the first day of the seventh month.

What does the Hebrew phrase Yom Teru’a define?

Correct! Wrong!

a. The Hebrew phrase yom teru’a means “day of blowing an alarm” of the trumpet. This phrase is found in Numbers 29:1: “And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have an holy convocation: you shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.”

How many lambs were offered on the Feast of Trumpets?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Seven lambs of the first year without blemish were offered on the Feast of Trumpets (Num. 29:2). The number seven symbolizes spiritual perfection. It is noteworthy that seven lambs of the first year without blemish were also offered on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, on the Feast of Weeks, the Day of Atonement, and the Last Great Day.

According to the Bible, what type of horn was blown on the Feast of Trumpets?

Correct! Wrong!

d. The Bible does not specify what trumpet was blown on the Feast of Trumpets. However, Jewish tradition states that it was the shofar. It is plausible that the silver trumpets were also blown on this day, but this cannot decisively be supported by the Bible. “The instrument to be used in the trumpeting is not specified in the Bible, but Jewish tradition decided in favor of the horn and not the metal trumpet” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia).

The Feast of Trumpets is days before the Feast of Tabernacles

Correct! Wrong!

c. The Feast of Trumpets is fifteen days before the Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23). The seventh biblical month is a special month of the year. Four out of seven annual Sabbaths are observed during this seventh month, i.e. Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, first day of the Feast of Tabernacles, and the Last Great Day. This seventh month completes the annual Feasts, and by keeping them one shows a desire to be spiritually complete.

The trumpet sound depicts both a warning message and an announcement of Yahweh’s presence.

Correct! Wrong!

a. In Ezekiel 33:1-6, Yahweh told the prophet to set a watchman at the borders of Israel to blow the warning trumpet should an enemy invade. Only those who heed the trumpet would survive. This applies to the warning message against evil in our day as well (see Joel 2:1-2 and Rev. 8-10, noting the seven trumpet sounds preceding each plague unleashed on this world). Just as Yahweh’s presence on Mt. Sinai was announced by a piercing trumpet blast (Ex. 19:16, 19-20), so the return of Yahshua to earth will be announced by the unmistakable sound of a trumpet (Matt. 24:30-31; 1Thess. 4:16-17; 1Cor 15:51-52).

What future event might the Feast of Trumpets foreshadow?

Correct! Wrong!

a. Significant evidence shows that Yahshua could return on the Feast of Trumpets. Daniel 8:19; 11:27, 29 and 35 all say that the end of the age will occur at the “time appointed,” which in the Hebrew is moed and means a chosen season or feast. The trumpet blast announces that something significant is imminent, and this Feast is one of much blowing of trumpets. Trumpets also are a signal to gather, and Yahshua will gather His elect at His return at the trumpet sound (Num. 10:3; Matt. 24:31).

We need not gather to worship on the Feast of Trumpets.

Correct! Wrong!

b. In Numbers 29:1 Yahweh commands, “And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.” Convocation means gathering, from the Hebrew miqra meaning an assembly, public meeting.

Lesson 8 — Feast of Trumpets
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Lesson 7 — Feast of Weeks (Pentecost)

When the disciples came together in Acts 2, their motivation was not to “get the Holy Spirit.” It was to observe an Old Testament Feast, which Yahweh commanded for them as well as for us today.

The Feast of Weeks or Firstfruits (commonly called Pentecost) is both a holy convocation and a pilgrimage feast.

Correct! Wrong!

a. According to Leviticus 23:21, the Feast of Weeks is a holy convocation (Heb. kodesh miqraa). Strong’s Concordance defines the word miqraa as “something called out, i.e. a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal.” The word miqraa does not only define a public meeting, but also a type of rehearsal. Yahweh’s holy days are rehearsals of prophetic events. In addition, the Feast of Weeks is one of the three commanded pilgrimage feasts (Deuteronomy 16:16). During these pilgrimage feasts Israel would congregate at a central location where Yahweh’s Name was placed. Most often this place was Jerusalem.

To arrive at the Feast of Weeks, we are to count weeks starting with the day of the wave sheaf offering in the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Correct! Wrong!

c. Seven complete Sabbaths or weeks were counted from the wave sheaf to the Feast of Weeks. This count began the first day of the week falling within the Feast of Unleavened Bread, on the morrow after the weekly Sabbath, when the wave sheaf or omer offering was presented by the priest (Leviticus 23:15; Deuteronomy 16:9-10). Israel could not begin the barley harvest until after the priest waved an omer of barley grain as a firstfruits offering to Yahweh.

The Feast of Weeks is always observed on which day(s) of the week?

Correct! Wrong!

b. The Feast of Weeks always falls on a Sunday. Traditional Jews today keep the Feast of Weeks on the sixth of Sivan. Traditional Jews interpret the phrase “on the morrow after the Sabbath,” as found in Leviticus 23:11, to mean the morrow after the first High Day, i.e. the sixteenth of Abib. Fifty days from the sixteenth of Abib is the sixth of Sivan. This Jewish tradition does not agree with the Hebrew text, however. The word Sabbath in Leviticus 23:11 is from the Hebrew word “shabbath,” which refers to the weekly Sabbath. The Hebrew word shabbathown is the word used in reference to the annual Sabbaths, e.g. Leviticus 23:24. Further, non-traditional Jews, e.g. the Sadducees and the Karaites, both interpret the phrase, “on the morrow after the Sabbath” to mean the weekly Sabbath. Non-traditional Jews are those who reject the rabbinical teachings that have been added through the Talmud.

Which harvest is depicted by the Feast of Weeks?

Correct! Wrong!

b. The Feast of Weeks comes at the completion of the barley harvest and celebrates the wheat harvest (Ex. 23:16; 34:22; Num. 28:26). Pentecost or Feast of Weeks falls on the 50th day after the day the omer of barley is waved before Yahweh. In the New Testament, Yahshua represented the spiritual wave sheaf as He presented Himself to Yahweh after His resurrection, on the day following the weekly Sabbath, John 20:19. (see question 5)

The Feast of Weeks is also known as the Feast of Firstfruits. Firstfruits represent whom?

Correct! Wrong!

b After His resurrection in John 20:17, Yahshua told Mary Magadalene not to touch Him because He had not yet ascended to His Father in heaven to get approval of His sacrifice. By nightfall (v. 20) the disciples were allowed to touch Him as by then He had appeared before Yahweh just as the High Priest waved the sheaf before Yahweh to be accepted and the spring harvest could begin. This occurred after His Passover memorial and sacrifice on the day of the wave sheaf during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Paul explains in 1Corinthians 15:20: “But now is Messiah risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.” Yahshua as the fulfillment of the wave sheaf was the “first of the firstfruits,” while Yahweh’s people are the general firstfruits represented by the wheat harvest of the Feast of Weeks, James 1:18. 6

According to Jewish tradition, what key Old Testament event occurred on the Feast of Weeks?

Correct! Wrong!

c. Jewish tradition teaches that Yahweh’s Law was given at Sinai on the Feast of Weeks. The Bible does not specifically state that the Law was given in the third month, nor does it give the precise day, and therefore this tradition cannot be totally substantiated. Nevertheless, Israel would have reached Sinai at about the time of the Feast of Weeks in their wilderness journey.

The two loaves that were offered during the Feast of Weeks consisted of what ingredient(s)?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Leviticus 23:17 tells us that the two wave loaves were two tenths of an ephah in measure, and consisted of fine flour and yeast. The prophetic significance of the two loaves may refer to those who will be resurrected at Yahshua’s Second Coming and approved of Yahweh like the wave sheaf. With this Barnes Notes agrees, “The loaves appear to be distinctively called ‘the first fruits for Yahweh,’ and to them are found in Rom. 11:16; 1Cor. 15:20, 23; James 1:18; Rev. 14:4, etc. As these loaves offered before Yahweh sanctified the harvest of the year, so has ‘[Messiah] the firstrfuits’ sanctified the [assembly], which, in its union with Him as the firstfruits, becomes also the Sanctifier of the world.”

The Feast of Weeks prohibits what activity(ies)?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Yahweh in the Law specifies that no work of any kind is allowed on the Feast of Weeks (Leviticus 23:21). The word “servile” in Leviticus 23:21 is from the Hebrew word abodah, which according to the Strong’s Concordance means, “work of any kind.” Moreover, the Old Testament also states that buying and selling should be avoided on the weekly Sabbath and on a holy day (Nehemiah 10:31).

The word “Pentecost” means

Correct! Wrong!

b. “Pentecost” is a Greek word meaning, “fiftieth,” referring to its observance on the 50th day from the wave sheaf offering.

What significant event occurred in the New Testament on the day of Pentecost

Correct! Wrong!

c. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit occurred on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2), and as a result, it is written that they who were gathered at this Feast heard one another in their own language. This is the first instance of the gift of tongues. The word “tongue” is from the Greek word glossa, which Strong’s Concordance says is “of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication, a language (specially, one naturally unacquired).” The word tongue defines a known language that is acquired by supernatural means through the Spirit. This gift allowed the Apostles to communicate with those of other nations, and helped to expedite the Truth at that time. Paul said this gift, however, would cease (1Cor. 13:8). Yahweh’s Spirit enables us to be obedient to Him, Ezek. 36:26-27. 11

Who in the New Testament kept the Feast of weeks after Yahshua’s death and resurrection?

Correct! Wrong!

d. It is written that all twelve Apostles were gathered at Jerusalem for the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1, 14). In addition, the Apostle Paul, as his custom was, continued keeping the Feast of Weeks years after Yahshua’s death (Acts 20:16). It’s noteworthy that no modern holiday is mentioned in either Old or New Testament, including Christmas, Easter, and Lent.

What does Pentecost foreshadow prophetically?

Correct! Wrong!

a. The Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) prophetically symbolizes the resurrection of the saints, which will take place at Yahshua’s Second Coming (1Thes. 4:16-17). Yahshua was resurrected during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, thus becoming the first of the firstfruits among those who sleep and await His Second Coming (1 Cor. 15:20-23). Pentecost is the second harvest Feast of the year and symbolizes the resurrection of many brethren who are prophesied to follow Yahshua’s resurrection at His return.

Lesson 7 — Feast of Weeks (Pentecost)
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Lesson 6 — Feast of Unleavened Bread

Removing leavening from our lives for a week out of the year may seem strange in our modern world, but so is living by any of the Scriptures in our Post-modern, nihilistic society. Here is what it all means.

Which of the following observance(s) are commanded in Yahweh’s Word?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Neither Easter nor Christmas is commanded in Yahweh’s Word. Easter is a counterfeit of the Passover, with its focus on Yahshua’s resurrection. The rites and rituals of Christmas clearly reveal its roots in the Roman Saturnalia, which honors the sun god. We are never instructed to remember His resurrection or His birth, only His death. The Feast of Unleavened Bread, on the other hand, is commanded in Exodus 12:14-34, Leviticus 23:6-14, Numbers 28:17-25, and Deuteronomy 16:3-8. In the New Testament Paul tells us, “Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as you are unleavened. For even Messiah our Passover is sacrificed for us: Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth,” 1Corinthians 5:7-8. Neither Paul nor any other apostle or disciple observed any holidays but what are commanded in the Scriptures—like this Feast.

One specific reason Yahweh took the Israelites out of Egyptian slavery was to allow them to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Correct! Wrong!

a. Exodus 5:1 says, “And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharoah, Thus said Yahweh Elohim of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness.” That Feast was the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which directly follows the Passover, on the 15th of the month of Abib, Leviticus 23:5-6. Israel kept the Passover in Egypt as the death angel “passed over” them, and then they left on the Feast of Unleavened Bread to go into the wilderness and sacrifice three days later, Exodus 5:3. 3

This Feast was first commanded for Israel at Mt. Sinai, along with the Ten Commandments.

Correct! Wrong!

b. Some think that as part of the “law of Moses,” the Feasts were abolished when the Law was done away. Aside from the simple fact that the Law was never abolished (Matt. 5:17; Rom. 7:1), we find evidence that the Feasts were observed before Sinai, even back to creation itself. The 12th chapter of Exodus takes place before the law was given on Sinai. In verses 18-19 we find Yahweh reviewing this Feast for Moses. We learn that Cain displeased Yahweh because of his offering, which was of produce. Abel, on the other hand, brought the firstlings of his flock, Genesis 4:3-4. Why would Yahweh be angry unless as evident by his offering Cain was keeping the wrong Feast! An offering of produce is suitable for a Feast like Tabernacles or Feast of Weeks, not for Passover and Unleavened Bread.

What occurred on the first and last day of the week-long Feast of Unleavened Bread?

Correct! Wrong!

a. Numbers 33:3 tells us that Israel left Egypt on the 15th, the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Deuteronomy 16:1 tells us they left at night. The first day of the Feast is not the Passover, because on Passover they were commanded to remain in their homes until morning while the death angel “passed over” at midnight (Ex. 11:4-5; 12:2223). By their progress through the wilderness, we can determine that Israel had passed through the Red Sea and was on the other side by the last day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Free of Egypt at last, they sang songs of praise and thanksgiving, Exodus 15:1-18, 20-21.

What is to be done specifically during this Feast?

Correct! Wrong!

c. Abstaining from leavening for these seven days represents putting out those things that lead to sin. Eating what is unleavened shows that we willingly obey Yahweh and submit to His will. Incidentally, foods that don’t contain leavening are acceptable to eat during this Feast.

Both Yahshua and Paul kept this Feast.

Correct! Wrong!

a. In Luke 2:42 we read that when Yahshua was twelve He went to Jerusalem to keep the Feast with His parents. In Mark 14:12-18 we find Yahshua keeping the Passover with His disciples before He died. The Passover preceded the Feast and was kept along with the entire, week-long observance. See Mark 14:1-2. As we have seen, Paul in 1Corinthians 5:8 specifically tells us to keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The chief priests were afraid to take Yahshua on the Feast day (first day of Unleavened Bread) lest the people would revolt for profaning a holy day. The Jewish masses were keeping this Feast and Yahshua was an observant Jew.

In the Scriptures, leavening represents

Correct! Wrong!

b. Leavening represents the following: false doctrine (Matt. 16:12); hypocrisy and formalism (Luke 12:1); malice and wickedness (1Cor. 5:8), and political religion and worldiness (Mark 8:15). Unleavening is the opposite of each of these.

Leavening agents to avoid at this Feast are:

Correct! Wrong!

d. In the baking process these substances cause the dough to leaven or puff up through chemical action. Like breads and rolls, wine and beer also have been leavened through the action of yeast and therefore are to be removed and avoided during the seven days of the Feast.

Which days have been set apart for special Holy Day meetings on this Feast of Unleavened Bread?

Correct! Wrong!

d. See Leviticus 23:7-8. These are High Days.

Yahweh revealed that through the annual Feasts we will know Him as the true Mighty One of the universe.

Correct! Wrong!

a. In Ezekiel 20:10-12 Yahweh says of His people, “Wherefore I caused them to go forth out of the land of Egypt, and brought them into the wilderness. And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them. Moreover also I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am Yahweh that sanctify them.” The Feasts are Yahweh’s and they are for all time. Yahweh says “forever.” Two key verses here are Leviticus 23:2 and Exodus 12:14. Key to knowing Yahweh is following His laws (Ezek. 20:19-20)

Yahweh promised that His people would prosper if they kept His Sabbaths and Feasts.

Correct! Wrong!

a. Yahweh promised in Deuteronomy 28 that if His people would listen to Him and obey His commandments, that He would set them above all nations of the earth, verse 1. Then He lists all the blessings they would have. Does Yahweh change? Not according to Malachi 3:6: “For I am Yahweh. I change not…” The opposite is also true. When we refuse to listen to Him we will pay the consequences. Deuteronomy 28:15-68. No wonder so many people are suffering in their personal lives because they will not live by the Scriptures.

The Feasts, including Unleavened Bread, are

Correct! Wrong!

a. Isaiah 66:23 tells us that from month to month and Sabbath to Sabbath all people will come to worship in the Kingdom. See also Zechariah 14; Ezekiel 45:20; and 46:3.

Lesson 6 — Feast of Unleavened Bread
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Lesson 5 — The Passover

The Passover is the first of the annual observances in the Bible. Yahshua fulfilled the Old Testament Passover sacrifice with His own death, and by the accepting of His blood our sin penalty is removed.

On what month and day is the Passover to be observed?

Correct! Wrong!

d. The Passover is observed on the 14th day in the month of Abib (Ex. 12:2; Lev. 23:5; Deut 16:1). Abib is the name of the first month of the Hebrew calendar, which was later called Nisan by the Jews in Babylon. Abib literally means “young ears of grain,” referring to the green heads of barley in Egypt, Exodus 9:31. Because Abib specifically defines a stage of this crop, we must look to the green barley grain the the Mideast to determine when Abib arrives.

What was each Israelite family to do four days prior to the Passover?

Correct! Wrong!

a. Each Israelite family was instructed to take a lamb or goat on the 10th day of Abib for the Passover sacrifice. The lamb or goat had to be a year-old male without physical blemish. If the family was too small to eat all of the sacrifice, they were to share the lamb or goat with a neighbor.

The word Passover refers to the “passover” of the death angel in the land of Goshen.

Correct! Wrong!

a. The word “Passover” literally means to pass over, and refers to the very first Passover account found in Exodus 12, when at midnight the death angel passed over those homes that had blood applied to the two side posts and upper part of the door frames (Ex. 12:29).

What was prohibited from the Passover meal?

Correct! Wrong!

b. Yeast was not then or now permitted with the Passover meal, Ex. 34:25. The Passover is the preparation day that Yahweh has given to prepare for the Feast that follows the Passover, a Feast that does not allow any yeast in our homes. On Passover day we are to be involved in finding and removing all leavening from our homes and property.

The word “even” in Exodus 12 of the KJV refers to what part of the day?

Correct! Wrong!

c. The word “even” found in Exodus 12 means dusk or twilight. There is some debate by the Jews and others that “even” can also refer to anytime after 12:00 noon or 3:00 p.m. This, however, can be proven false with a careful study of the Hebrew word ereb, which is the Hebrew word that represents “even” in chapter 12 of Exodus. Note: -”No. 6153, ereb ‘from 6150; dusk:’” (Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible). -”No. 6153, ereb ‘between the two evenings, i.e. prob. between sunset and dark’” (The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon).

Why is Passover a separate memorial, and not the first day of the Feast?

Correct! Wrong!

d. All these proofs verify that the Passover is not a High Day, or connected to the Feast of Unleavened Bread. In two different passages Moses and Aaron ask Pharaoh of Egypt to release the Israelite people so that they could go to hold a festival to Yahweh in the wilderness, away from the Egyptian people. In Exodus 8:25-26 Moses and Aaron clearly said that it wasn’t possible to keep the Feast among the Egyptians in Goshen. This demonstrates that the Passover could not be the Feast that Yahweh was speaking of in Exodus chapters 5 and 8. In addition, the Passover law does not mention any other sacrifices besides the sacrificial lamb or goat. Therefore, the Passover could not qualify as the Feast because of a lack of other sacrifices mandatory on Feast days, In the New Testament the Passover is not referred to as a day of rest, but as a day of preparation.

The Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread were originally two separate observances the Jews later combined into one celebration.

Correct! Wrong!

a. Sometime around the Babylonian exile the Jews combined the Passover with the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Many modern Jews today will admit that these two appointed times were combined, but few understand that Yahweh our creator never authorized this combining. Note this statement: “The Feast of Passover consists of two parts: The Passover ceremony and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Originally, both parts existed separately; but after the exile they were combined” (Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol 13, p. 169).

What prophetic chapter in the book of Ezekiel speaks of the Passover in the Millennium?

Correct! Wrong!

a. Ezekiel 45:21 speaks of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Among other passages, this reveals that all of Yahweh’s appointed times will be kept in the coming 1000-year reign of Yahshua our King. The KJV version of this passage confuses many into believing that the Passover is a Feast of seven days. The confusion can be cleared away by the Jewish Tanakh: “On the fourteenth day of the first month you shall have the Passover sacrifice; and during a festival of seven days unleavened bread shall be eaten.” The text clearly separates the two into different and separate observances.

What Old Testament prophecy concerning the Passover Lamb did Yahshua fulfill?

Correct! Wrong!

b. “For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken” (John 19:36, KJV). This verse confirms that Yahshua is our Passover lamb. In the law, Exodus 12:46 expressly says that a bone of the Passover lamb or goat was not to be broken, thus connecting the Passover lamb or goat with Yahshua and His atonement.

Which two symbols represent Yahshua’s body and His shed blood?

Correct! Wrong!

a. During the last Passover supper, Yahshua and His apostles partook of the emblems, which were unleavened bread representing His body, and grape juice representing His blood. This can be proved a number of ways, but probably the easiest explanation is found in the Torah. In the Law Yahweh states unequivocally that leavening is prohibited in the Passover meal (Exodus 12:8; 23:18). Wine is leavened by yeast. Second, the Law states that no wine or strong drink is to be used when coming before Yahweh in service (Lev. 10:9). Additionally, the two Greek words in the New Testament used for wine, oinos and gleukos, are never used in connection with the Passover cup.

Immersion is necessary before one partakes of the Passover emblems.

Correct! Wrong!

a. The command to Israel was that no stranger or uncircumcised person was to eat of the Passover, Exodus 12:4345, 48. Circumcision was the sign that one had become a part of Israel. Baptism is equated with circumcision in Colossians 2:11-13. Through repentance and immersion we become part of Yahweh’s chosen.

Through Yahshua’s fulfillment of the Passover, which appointed time is no longer necessary to observe?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Yahweh says that His appointed times are forever. The necessary keeping of all of Yahweh’s Feast days can be found throughout the New Testament. There are also Old Testament proofs showing that in the 1,000-year Kingdom reign, Yahweh’s Feast days will not only be kept, but also enforced. Therefore, Yahshua’s fulfillment did in no way remove our obligations to observe Yahweh’s appointed times.

Lesson 5 — The Passover
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Lesson 4 — Scripturally Clean Foods

The first sin mankind committed was against a food law, when Eve ate of the fruit that Yahweh had forbidden. Many people do not know that there are other biblical commands against eating what was never meant as food for us. Let us learn about them now.

The laws of clean and unclean food found in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 were strictly for the Jewish people

Correct! Wrong!

b. Yahweh’s laws of clean and unclean food are for all mankind. At Mt. Sinai Yahweh gave His commandments, statutes, and laws not only to the tribe of Judah (Jews), but also to the eleven other tribes of Israel who were gathered at Sinai as well. In addition, we see from prophetic chapters that all of mankind in the coming Kingdom, whether Jew or gentile, will be expected to observe all of Yahweh’s laws (see Isa. 2:2-3; 66:17; Micah 4:1-2; Zech. 14:16-19). And the New Testament is filled with examples of how the Savior and His disciples observed the statutes of the Scriptures. Therefore, His laws are for everyone, both now and in the world soon to come.

When did Yahweh enact the food laws?

Correct! Wrong!

a. When filling the ark with animals, Noah knew which were clean and which were unclean, Genesis 7:2. Yahweh had only to tell Noah how many of each to load—the clean animals were taken by sevens, the unclean only in pairs. Clearly this law of clean and unclean animals was in effect in Noah’s day, some 900 years before Moses received the codified law at Sinai. 3

The Hebrew word kosher, which refers to the clean food laws, is derived from the Hebrew word kasher, which means “fit” or “proper.”

Correct! Wrong!

a. The Hebrew word kosher, which is derived from the Hebrew word kasher, means to be fit or proper and is applied to Yahweh’s clean and unclean food laws found in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14. The opposite of kosher is trafe, which means “torn” or “damaged” and applies to what is unfit for food. 4

Which two scriptural qualifications must an animal meet to be acceptable for food?

Correct! Wrong!

a. and d. Yahweh states in Leviticus 11 that all animals that chew the cud and have split hooves (completely divided) are clean and approved for consumption. Examples are beef, buffalo, sheep, goat, deer, and antelope. Any animal that does not meet both of these qualifications is considered unclean. Swine do not chew cud. Some have questioned why rabbits and hares are said to chew the cud in vv 5-6. The hare family of animals actually don’t regurgitate as true cud-chewing animals do. Yet, because of their apparent mouth movements, they appear to chew the cud and that is probably why we find this statement in Leviticus.

Which two qualifications must a water creature meet to be biblically acceptable for food?

Correct! Wrong!

b. and d. Yahweh commands in Leviticus 11 that all water life must have both fins and scales. Some have questioned whether tuna is clean because they seem to be missing scales. Tuna indeed has scales, albeit they are very small. Shark, on the other hand, do not have true flat scales as do clean fish. Shark “scales” resemble small shark teeth, dermal denticles known as placoid scales, which give shark skin its rough, sometimes sandpaper-like texture.

What part(s) of an animal must not be eaten?

Correct! Wrong!

A. and D. Yahweh commands through the Torah that we are not to eat blood or fat (Lev. 3:17). The reason in the case of blood is that it is the blood that contains life (Lev. 17:11). It is blood that makes atonement for sin possible and it is Yahshua’s shed blood that paid the penalty for our sin; He gave His life in our stead. In the process of animal sacrifices, Yahweh strictly maintained that the fat belonged to Him and was not to be eaten (Lev. 3:16).

What kosher symbol(s) on food packaging is reliable when verifying clean foods?

Correct! Wrong!

D All of these kosher symbols will confirm clean foods. There are many other reliable symbols that can be used as well, found in kosher books and kosher web sites. One caution, however, is with the letter K standing alone. Because no single letter of the alphabet can by copyrighted or registered, any food processor can legally place a simple K (without a circle, triangle or other shape around it) on any product packaging, whether the contents are kosher or not.

Generally, flesh-eating birds of prey are unfit for human food.

Correct! Wrong!

a. All birds that are raptors are unclean. The birds prohibited as human food in Leviticus 11:13-20 and Deuteronomy 14:11-20 are primarily meat eaters. We know of the clean birds basically through process of elimination. Those listed in these passages, along with their family types, are prohibited for human consumption.

Which of the following insect(s) is acceptable for food?

Correct! Wrong!

c. The law states that those insects that have legs above their feet (meaning joints for hopping, Lev. 11:21) are clean to eat, but all insects that walk on all fours are unclean. Although all insects have six legs, the NIV Study Bible notes that in ancient times the two large hind legs were probably not considered ordinary legs. This eliminates all insects except those of the locust family (“beetle” in the KJV actually refers to a type of wingless locust)

Peter’s vision in Acts 10 revealed that...

Correct! Wrong!

b. The vision seen by Peter in Acts 10 had nothing to do with Yahweh’s clean food laws. Yahshua, the one who produced the vision, was trying to get the message through to Peter that he was not to call any man common or unclean. This can be seen in verses 28 and 34-35, where Peter himself explains that the point of the vision was that he was not to call any human being unclean. Peter had a problem with being a respecter of persons, as Paul recounts in Galatians 2.

What food product(s) does not ordinarily contain gelatin, a by-product primarily made from pigs?

Correct! Wrong!

b. Jello, marshmallows, and soft gel capsules are generally always made from gelatin, which is produced by melting the different parts of an animal that are not normally sold for food, e.g. bones and hooves The problem is that most animals used in the production of gelatin are unclean.

What was Yahshua referring to in Mark 7 when He said, “Whatsoever thing from without enters into the man, it cannot defile him”?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Yahshua in this passage was not speaking of the clean and unclean food laws, but was referring to rabbinical oral laws. This fact can be verified in a parallel passage found in Matthew 15:20: “These are the things which defile a man, but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man.”

Lesson 4 — Scripturally Clean Foods
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Lesson 3 – The Weekly Sabbath

No other day in the Scriptures is given more prominence than the weekly Sabbath. Yet, in our society the first day of the week has far outdistanced the Sabbath in the number of people who acknowledge it. Does it make any difference to Yahweh which day is kept? Did the Savior change the day of worship by His resurrection, or are many deceived today?

 

The Sabbath is first mentioned in the Bible in the Ten Commandments given at Sinai.

Correct! Wrong!

b. Yahweh established the day of rest at Creation by resting on the seventh day Himself (Gen. 2:2-3). This was long before Moses received the Ten Commandments at Sinai. The Fourth Commandment says to “remember” the Sabbath because it had already been a long-established institution. (See Ex. 16:23, which was a Sabbath command before Sinai.

In Hebrew the word “Sabbath” means...

Correct! Wrong!

c. The word Sabbath comes from the primitive Hebrew root word shabath, which means to repose, to desist from exertion. By its many uses it signifies to cease, rest, celebrate

Yahshua said that the Sabbath was made...

Correct! Wrong!

b. Responding to the Pharisees’ criticism in Mark 2:27, our Savior said that the Sabbath was made for man, not just for Israel or for the Jews. If the Fourth Commandment is Jewish, so are the nine others! The truth is, the Sabbath was created long before the Jews came into existence.

The Sabbath is a sign for all generations.

Correct! Wrong!

a. For those who would be Yahweh’s people, the week is an important pattern that follows Yahweh’s example: regular work for six days and rest on the seventh day. It is a covenant sign for His people. “Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever: for in six days Yahweh made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested, and was refreshed,” Exodus 31:16-17.

One observes the Sabbath by...

Correct! Wrong!

d. The Fourth Commandment in Exodus 20:8-10 states that we are to cease from all work on the seventh day. In Isaiah 58:13-14 Yahweh tells us, “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of Yahweh, honorable, and shall honor Him, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words, then shall you delight yourself in Yahweh; and I will cause you to ride upon the high places of the earth…” The Sabbath is observed by focusing the entire day on Yahweh through worship, Bible reading and study, meditation, prayer, and other activities that honor Him. Proper Sabbath observance includes spiritual instruction of children. Yahweh calls it a “holy convocation” in Leviticus 23:3, a word that means a time of “coming together” and worshiping Him

Shopping or going to restaurants on the weekly Sabbath is okay so long as we ourselves are not working on that day.

Correct! Wrong!

b. Israel rebelled against Yahweh and He condemned them because “my Sabbaths they greatly polluted,” Exekiel 20:11-13. The Sabbath is polluted through commercial activity. Nehemiah proclaimed that if the people of the land bring merchandise or food on the Sabbath, that “we would not buy of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day” (Neh. 10:31). There were those who were bringing food and wares into Jerusalem to sell on the Sabbath (Neh. 13:15-21). The prophet called their profaning the Sabbath “an evil thing.” In Amos 8:5 the people waited for the Sabbath to pass before buying and selling. Jeremiah warned against carrying burdens on the Sabbath day, 17:21-22. It is clar that all our commercial activities are to cease on the Sabbath.

The Sabbath begins and ends...

Correct! Wrong!

a. Many passages show that one day ends and another begins at sundown. Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31 all say, “the evening and the morning were the ___ day.” This was at creation. Evening comes first, then the morning or daylight, i.e., night then day. In Exodus 12:18, the Feast of Unleavened bread is established as beginning at evening and ending a week later at evening. A man who became unclean was not to come into the camp until sundown, Deuteronomy 23:11. Samson had given the Philistines within seven days of the Feast to answer his riddle. On the seventh day, just before sundown, they answered the riddle correctly, infuriating the deceived Samson, Judges 14:18. The gates of Jerusalem were shut as the sun was setting before the Sabbath, and were not opened again until after the Sabbath, Nehemiah 13:19. The people waited until sunset ended the Sabbath to seek Yahshua’s healing of those who were diseased and possessed, Mark 1:32.

The word SABBATH is found how many times in the New Testament?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance lists exactly 60 places where the word Sabbath is found in the New Testament. By contrast, “first day of the week” is found in only 8 places (“Sunday” is nonexistent), and in each of those the word “day” was added by translators, leaving unclear whether these 8 refer to a particular day or just the first part of the week. Nowhere in the New Testament do we see the Savior or His followers worshiping on Sunday. “Day of the L-rd” and “L-rd’s Day” are references to the day of the Savior’s return, not to the first day of the week (see Joel 2:1; Amos 5:18; Zeph. 1:14-18; Acts 2:20; 1Thes. 5:2; Rev. 1:10).

Who kept the Sabbath in the New Testament?

Correct! Wrong!

d. The following Scriptures show Yahshua and Paul keeping and worshiping on the Sabbath: Mark 1:21; 6:2; Luke 4:16, 31; 6:6; 13:10; Acts 13:14, 42, 44; 16:13; 17:1-2; 18:4.

There is no Sabbath command in the New Testament.

Correct! Wrong!

b. Hebrews 4:9 says, “There remains therefore a rest to the people of Elohim.” The word “rest” is the Greek sabbatismos, which is the Sabbath. The verb form, sabbatizo, means to keep Sabbath. In His prophecy of the last days, Yahshua said, “Pray that your flight be not...on the Sabbath day,” Matthew 24:20. Clearly the Sabbath is still in effect.

By His resurrection, Yahshua...

Correct! Wrong!

d. At no time did Yahshua change the Sabbath. He did not rise from the tomb on Sunday, but was already gone by the time the women got there at sunset Sabbath evening, Matthew 28:1 (“in the end of” is the Greek opse, meaning “late in the day,” “at the back end of.” “Dawn” is epiphosko, “draw on”). A resurrection day is nowhere given special status as a Sabbath day or to replace the Sabbath day in Scripture. As shown, Paul continued to keep the Sabbath with both Jews and gentiles even after the resurrection.

In the coming Kingdom...

Correct! Wrong!

a. A prophecy of the Kingdom in Isaiah 66:23 says that from one Sabbath to another “all flesh” will come to worship Yahweh. Yahweh’s Sabbath day stands forever, from Creation on into the Kingdom.

Lesson 3 — The Weekly Sabbath
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Lesson 2 — The Savior’s Name

Most Bible believers identify with a Messiah who was never known or called by the name they use. The question becomes, does His Name really matter and will it hinder salvation to call on a substitute name for the One who died for our sins?

 

The Savior said that He would come in His Father’s Name

Correct! Wrong!

a. John 5:43 reads, “I am come in my Father’s name, and you receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him you will receive.” Just as males perpetuate the family name, we would expect the Son to carry the Name of the Father, as well as have the Father’s authority.

The Savior’s Name is Yahshua, the same as Joshua (correctly, Yahshua), the Old Testament patriarch and son of Nun. How do we know this?

Correct! Wrong!

e. In Zechariah 6:11-12 we find that “Joshua” is referred to as the BRANCH. This is a direct, prophetic reference to “Yahshua,” as shown in Ps. 80:15; Isaiah 11:1; 53:2; Jer. 23:5; Ezek. 34:29; and Zech. 3:8. In Hebrew, both Joshua and Yahshua are “Yahshua.” / In Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8, the King James translators erred by inserting “Jesus” into passages clearly referring to “Joshua,” the Old Testament son of Nun. This is indisputable evidence that the name Joshua (Yahshua) had been changed by translators of the New Testament to Jesus. / Yahshua’s Name can be broken down to “Yah” and “Hoshua.” “Yah” is found in the Father’s Name Yah-weh, while Hoshua means salvation. Thus, “Yah is Salvation.” The Emphatic Diaglott says the name “is composed of Yah, or Jah, I shall be and Shua, Powerful;—”I shall be the Powerful.’ Hence he is ‘mighty to save, and strong to deliver,’ and will ‘save His people from their sins.’” / By the time Yahshua was born, the Name had been shortened to “Yahshua.” The Greek transliteration of the Messiah’s Hebrew Name is IASOU, pronounced ee-ah-s-o-u. Greek has no “sh” sound, only a sibilate “s.”

“Jesus” is the English form of the Hebrew name of the Savior, and was a common name in the Holy Land in the Savior’s day.

Correct! Wrong!

b. The name Jesus is mostly NOT English. It is Latinized Greek, with some 15th century English thrown in by way of its letter J. Therefore, this name could not have existed in Israel 2,000 years ago. “Jesus” is Strong’s Concordance No. 2424, from the Hebrew 3091—Yehowshua (see).

The letter J, as in “Jesus,” is

Correct! Wrong!

c The letter J is the newest letter in the English alphabet. It developed in the 15th century from the letter I, which it follows in our alphabet. It had an “I” vowel sound until the Franch gave it the “juh” consonant sound. To distinguish this special sound, the I was given a tail. The lower case j still has a dot over it, revealing its origins in the letter “i.”

Both the Hebrew and Greek languages have a letter J in their alphabets.

Correct! Wrong!

b. Both the Hebrew and Greek historically lack a letter J or the “juh” sound. His Name was never pronounced “Jesus.”

In the New Testament, “sh” sounds in Hebrew names (like Yahshua)became “s” sounds (as in Jesus) because

Correct! Wrong!

d. Greek has only the hissing or sibilate “s” sound, as represented by the sigma, and therefore the letter sigma is the closest the Greek can come to transliterating—bringing across—the “sh” sound in Yahshua.

The Latinized-Greek name Jesus...

Correct! Wrong!

d. “Jesus is merely the Latin form of Joshua, a common Hebrew name. In Greek Joshua became Iesous and in Latin Jesus. It was not until the sixteenth century that the Latin nominative form Iesus or Jesus became the established English form of the name.” (A Book About the Bible, by George Stimpson) The Anchor Bible Dictionary notes: “Jesus...is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb. Yehosua…’Jesus Christ’ is a composite name made up of the personal name ‘Jesus’ (from the Gk. Iesous, which transliterates Heb/Aram yesu(a), a late form of Hebrew yehosua, the meaning of which is ‘YHWH is salvation’ or ‘YHWH saves/’has saved’)…” (III, p. 773). The Greek “Jesus” has nothing to do with the Greek word to save, “soter.” Only in the Hebrew does His Name signify salvation: Yah-shua.

“Yahshua” is...

Correct! Wrong!

a. Under ”Jeshua,” the Mercer Dictionary of the Bible states, “An Aramaic form of the name Joshua, meaning ‘Yahweh is salvation’” (p. 444).

What Pilate wrote on the stake (incorrectly “cross”) shows that the Savior’s Name changes with the language.

Correct! Wrong!

b. When Pilate wrote Yahshua’s Name in three languages in John 19, he did not write a different Hebrew Name, different Greek Name, and different Latin Name. Yahshua’s Name did not vary with language, any more than yours or mine does. Rather, Pilate wrote His one and only name with Hebrew, Greek, and Latin letters so that the sound of His Name was reproduced accurately in each of those languages. Today, “Gates,” “Blair,” and “Hussein” are recognizable names in every language because their very sounds are carried over into each foreign tongue through transliteration. We don’t have a different English pronunciation for foreign names. Through centuries, however, changes in alphabets or inflection sometimes create changes in pronunciation. These deviations do not necessarily convey the original sound of a name, however.

Some Messianic Jews call Him “Yeshua” because

Correct! Wrong!

b. The Encyclopaedia Judiaca says: “In the early Middle Ages, when the consonantal text of the bible was supplied with vowel points to facilitate its correct traditional reading, the vowel points for Adonai with one variation—a sheva [‘eh’ sound] with the first yod [Y] of YHWH instead of the hataf-patah [‘ah’ sound] under the aleph of Adonai—were used for YHWH, thus producing the form YeHoWah” (vol 7, p. 680). It was this erroneous “Yeh” form in the Tetragrammaton that was retained in the faulty form “Yeshua.” In Hebrew, Yeshua means “He will save,” while Yahshua means “Yah is salvation.”

The Savior’s name is really Emmanuel, according to Matthew 1:23.

Correct! Wrong!

b. This passage is from Isaiah 7:14. In context, we see that it speaks of the Messiah as future King on earth. The promised Immanuel, a name meaning “El with us” (on earth), will possess the land (8:8), thwart all opponents (8:10), and as Prince of Peace His government will never end (9:6) as He reigns forever (9:7). Because He has not yet fulfilled this prophecy, He is Yahshua, “Salvation of Yah.”

The name one is baptized into...

Correct! Wrong!

c. Acts 4:12 tells us that there is no other name under heaven “given among men whereby we must be saved.” That name is Yahshua, as verse 10 reveals. In every example in the book of Acts immersion was done in the Name of Yahshua (Acts 2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5; 22:16). Nowhere in the New Testament is the Trinity formula ever used in baptism. Some versions, like the Jerusalem Bible, question whether Matthew 28:19 is inspired or added. Regardless, the command we find there is to be baptized into a singular “name,’”not a trinity of “names.” The Holy Spirit is sent only in Yahshua’s Name, John 14:26.

Lesson 2 — The Savior’s Name
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Lesson 1 — The Sacred Name of the Father

“What is His Name and what is His Son’s Name if you can tell?” In this quiz, we will show what the Heavenly Father’s actual name is.

The Name of the Heavenly Father is known among biblical and linguistic scholars as?

Correct! Wrong!

b. His Name, Yahweh, derives from YHWH. These letters are known as the “Tetragrammaton,” a Greek word meaning “four letters.” The erroneous name “Jehovah” was a copyist’s mistake created when the vowels for the title Adonai, and likely Elohim as well, were inserted into the Tetragrammaton. The letter J does not exist in either the Hebrew or Greek language.

We do not know how to pronounce His Name because Hebrew has no vowels.

Correct! Wrong!

b. As with all languages, Hebrew indeed has vowels. These vowels, however, were not written but preserved by copyists known as Masoretes using diacritical marks called vowel points. No language can be spoken without vowels because vowels are articulated with the open mouth. “Tr prnncng ths wtht vwls’ is a sentence showing how vowels make a language pronounceable. Adding the vowels to these consonants, we have the sentence, “Try pronouncing this without vowels.” Hebrew scholars attest that the Tetragrammaton is made us of vowel-consonants. Like our letter “Y,” these three letters, and the Hebrew letter aleph as well, can be used as either vowels or consonants.

His Name is not necessary because...

Correct! Wrong!

d. The common idea that Yahweh has many names is unscriptural. Philippians 2:9 clearly says His Name is “above every name” and Psalm 83:18 tells us that His “name alone is Yahweh.” He has many titles, but these are all used in connection with His Name (for example, Yahweh Elyon, Yahweh Nissi, Yahweh Yireh).

The Hebrew letters making up the Father’s Name are...

Correct! Wrong!

a. Scholarship and archaeology both confirm that His Name is Yahweh, spelled in Hebrew: יהוה.

The sacred Name was unknown before the time of Moses.

Correct! Wrong!

b. The belief that the Name was not known until Yahweh revealed it to Moses derives from a misunderstanding of Exodus 6:3: “And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of Elohim Almighty, but by my name Yahweh was I not known to them.” In Genesis 22:14 we read that Abraham built an altar to Yahweh. Eve and the patriarch Jacob knew and spoke Yahweh’s Name, Genesis 4:1 and 28:13. Moses’ mother was named Yahchobed. The Hebrew text reveals that Exodus 6:3 means that the people did not perceive or understand the full implications of His Name until they saw His great miracles among the Israelites. “To know” means to understand by what is experienced (see NIV Study Bible note).

The proper spelling of the Father’s Name is...

Correct! Wrong!

c. To insert an “o” or “u” into the Name Yahweh is to mistake the third letter, waw. The waw is properly a “w.” in the book, How the Hebrew Language Grew, by Edward Horowitz, we read that the Yemenite Jews of Arabia “who retain an ancient, CORRECT and PURE pronunciation of Hebrew still pronounce the waw as ‘w,’ as does Arabic.”

The Tetragrammaton is found how many times in ancient Bible manuscripts?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Throughout the Hebrew text Yahweh’s Name is found in the form of the Tetragrammaton, yet it was concealed by translators who believed it was too sacred to use.

Archaeology has found Yahweh’s Name...

Correct! Wrong!

d. The Hebrew Tetragrammaton was found in all of these, especially throughout the Dead Sea Scrolls, the oldest extant manuscripts of the Bible.

Yahweh’s Name corresponds to the Hebrew verb “ha Yah.”

Correct! Wrong!

a. In Exodus 3:14, Yahweh tells Moses, “I AM that I AM. Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me unto you.’” Then He identifies Himself as Yahweh. Here we have a connection between “I AM” and “Yahweh.” In the Hebrew, I AM is “ha Yah.” It is the very verb is existence and means, I will be whatever my people need of me. Yahweh is existence personified. He causes everything to exist.

How do we know that the Savior used the Father’s Name?

Correct! Wrong!

d. Yahshua the Messiah spoke His Father’s Name numerous times while He walked the earth. In His model prayer in Matthew 6:9 He prays that His Father’s Name be hallowed (set apart). Psalm 22:22 is a prophecy that Yahshua would proclaim His Father’s Name. John 17:26 is a direct fulfillment of that prophecy, wherein the Messiah prays: “And I have declared unto them Your Name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith You have loved Me may be in them and I in them.” When He quoted the Old Testament containing the Father’s Name, Yahshua would naturally pronounce the Name. An example is Luke 4:4, where Yahshua quoted Deuteronomy 8:3, “It is written that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of Yahweh.” Again in Luke 4:18, when speaking in the synagogue, Yahshua spoke His Father’s Name: “The Spirit of Yahweh is upon me…” Other examples where Yahshua used Yahweh’s Name include: Matthew 21:42 (Ps. 118:22); Matthew 22:37 (Deut. 6:5; 10:12; 30:6); Matthew 22:44 (Ps. 110:1); Luke 4:8 (Deut 6:13; 10:20); and Luke 10:27 (Deut. 6:5).

Those who call on His Name...

Correct! Wrong!

d. Yahweh promises that those who honor Him by calling on His revealed, personal Name, will be blessed for doing so. Yahweh promises that He will set those on high who love Him and know His Name, Psalm 91:14. On the other hand, those who will not give glory to His Name will be cursed and will have dung spread on their faces, Malachi 2:2-3. They will receive His wrath, Psalm 79:6. The true Philadelphia Assembly in Revelation 3:8 are those who keep His word and do not deny His Name.

Yahweh’s Name is firmly tied to our salvation

Correct! Wrong!

Salvation is only in His Name, Acts 4:12

Lesson 1 — The Sacred Name of the Father
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