Come for the Feast of Tabernacles With only two months remaining until the Feasts of the seventh month, we pray you are making preparations to be with us for Tabernacles the evening of September 14-21 (depending on the new moon sighting, the September feasts may be observed a day later). This prophetic Feast will open your eyes to Yahshua’s first and second coming and our Father’s plan of salvation for mankind, when Yahshua will govern this earth with His saints, Revelation 20:6.
If you have never kept the Feast with us, make this the year to begin your walk of obedience, Leviticus 23:33-44. Above all, the Feast is a time to worship Almighty Yahweh (Lev. 23:1). To follow this command, there will be daily worship services along with several Bible studies throughout the Feast. We will also have a baptismal service for those seeking immersion into Yahshua’s Name. Don’t miss the traditional Night of Special Music where all can participate. To honor our Father in heaven, we ask that Feastgoers make an effort to attend each day, as this is a commanded eight-day observance.
In addition to inspiring and informative messages, children’s classes, and adult Bible workshops at the Feast, we have several sports activities planned, Hebrew dancing, a western-themed day for all, a day at the lake, and much more! For more detailed information, click the Following link https://yrm.org/tabernacles-2019/ To
Temple Video Surpasses Expectations Our video program presenting hard evidence on the actual Temple Mount location has now surpassed a million views on YouTube. It is also available on Roku. All our online programs continue to do well and many truth seekers are coming to proper understanding through this effective medium. Watch Here>>
New Eye in the Sky A newly-purchased drone adds a dramatic perspective on the facilities at YRM. Plans are to use it to enhance the programs and photography in our outreach. Examples for its use are demonstrated in our experimental video.
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE
What did Yahshua mean when He stated in John 10:30, “I and my Father are one”?
A. One in person
B. One in goal
C. One in mind
D. Both B and C
In John 10:30, Yahshua referred to Himself and His Father as being one in mind and goal, not one in person. The Restoration Study Bible further explains, “By being ‘one,’ Yahshua refers to their singleness of mind and purpose. It is this same spiritual unification that all people can have with the Father in Messiah Yahshua. See John 17:21, where Yahshua speaks of this uniting of the faithful in their belief as one, but not as the same individual in physical form,” note on John 10:30.
Two Sabbath Immersions The brethren at Holts Summit welcomed a couple into the Body of Messiah through immersion on Sabbath, July 6. Tad and Shelly Collier have been long-time followers of the YRM ministry and said it was time to commit to Yahweh through the waters of baptism. Please keep them in prayer as they begin new lives in Messiah Yahshua.
Outreach Efforts Bear Fruit We continue reaching out with Truth in any way we can. One cost-effective way you can do your part is through the Outreach Partnership program. We keep you supplied with literature to distribute. We will soon have an attractive booklet introducing YRM for this purpose.
Successful ways to circulate literature include: Placing tracts in laundromats; doctor’s offices (ask permission first); waiting rooms in hospitals, beauty shops and auto repair shops; public library reference sections by leaving one in an appropriate reference book; booths at state fairs; or handing out wherever crowds gather. Be creative. More information on the Outreach program is at: www.yrm.org/outreach.
Grounds Beautification Continues Bros. Ryan Mansager, James Duenow, and Lucas Cecil have been busy sprucing up YRM’s building and grounds in preparation for the Feasts of the seventh month this September. The landscaping around the road sign is the latest to get a facelift (see photo).
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE We know we can’t “earn” salvation by our good works, Eph.2:8-9. Surely the Old Testament doesn’t say the same thing, when the believer had to follow a strict code of obedience to many laws, correct?
A – No, salvation was strictly by one’s obedience to law in the Old Testament.
B – Yes, the same impossibility of “earning” applies to salvation in the Old Testament. See Ezekiel 33:13.
C – No one knows for sure.
D – The only one who earned His salvation was Yahshua, by His perfect life.
Many think all the rules changed in the New Testament. Not true. Grace does not replace the law and love does not negate obedience. We find these same teachings operating in both testaments (see the RSB chart on p. 1408). Our efforts can only render us worthy of salvation. But His grace is what opens the door.
Because Yahweh’s Restoration Ministry’s major focus is taking the Truth to the world, we will soon publish a new, evangelistic brochure introducing YRM. It briefly explains our history, major beliefs, our location and our services. It shows the importance of Yahweh’s Name and the Sabbath from a fundamental standpoint. It includes information on our website and app as well as our teaching programs and live Sabbath services. The publication is designed for evangelism in the local community. Plans are to use it in our own area in a door-to-door outreach program. Our Outreach Partners should find it valuable in their own efforts to spread the Truth. We would like to hear of the successful ways it is used so we can share with everyone. Watch for it.
Is the Heart a Pagan Symbol?
The heart shape and its love connection goes back 2,600 years. A plant called silphium had seed pods in the shape of the heart. The plant was used for a number of medicinal purposes, especially for birth control. According to www.atlasobscura.com, the numismatist T.V. Buttrey claimed the exports of the plant silphium and its resins made Cyrene the richest city on the continent at the time. The plant was so economically valuable that Cyrenians began printing it on their money (see coin image). Silver coins from the 6th century B.C. are imprinted with images of the plant’s seed pods that have the common heart shape.
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE
In Acts Chapter 10, Peter was instructed to kill and eat unclean animals. How many times did he eat them?
A. Three times
B. Two times, having declined the first time
D. The message got through and Peter began eating pork from then on
Though filled with the Holy Spirit, Peter wondered what the vision meant. Upon learning of a new Gentile convert, Cornelius, he concluded that the vision instructed him not to reject the “unclean” Gentiles, whose hearts were purified by faith. “What Elohim hath cleansed, that call not thou common,” Acts 10:15. He declined to eat the first time, and on each occasion he still declined to eat. If he had eaten on an occasion or two, he could not assert his purity in a subsequent repeat of the vision. Peter did not compromise his faith by accepting unclean animals as food. The account also shows that the law was still being observed by His apostles 10 years after the resurrection of the Messiah Yahshua. This account hearkens back to Ezekiel’s vision where in baking “Ezekiel bread” he was given cow’s dung over human dung (Ezek. 4:12-15), and the test of the Rechabites (Jer. 35), who refused to drink the forbidden wine set before them. In each of these tests they maintained their integrity. Answer: C
The May-June Restoration Times was mailed this week, thanks to the many volunteers of all ages who helped with the mailing (photo attached). We are determined to catch up on our publishing schedule. The demands of an early Abib, along with work on YRM facilities, including the guest house (see photos below), after extreme weather conditions the past six months have added to the delay . We are still in need of contributions for the kitchen remodel at the main building. We will get as much done as funding allows before the Feast of Tabernacles. Donate Here>>
Feast Preparations in Full Swing
Included with the magazine mailing is the 2019 Feast of Tabernacles reservation form to complete and return if you have not yet done so. Now is the time to plan for this special ingathering (Sept. 14-31) as we gather at Holts Summit for a week of intense learning, unforgettable fellowship, fun activities for all ages, and a time to renew friendships while making fresh ones.
Tabernacles and the Last Great Day highlight a year of sacred appointments. But does Yahweh allow us to pick and choose which Feast days we will honor and which to ignore? If we accept one, then Scripturally we must accept them all. All of Yahweh’s Holy Days are presented as a package to us to observe, with the admonition that these are the Feasts of Yahweh (not just Feasts of Jews), Leviticus 23:4. To argue that these special days are “Mosaic Law” and therefore are done away is to be ignorant of the many statements in Scripture telling us that these are Yahweh’s observances, not mere observances of Moses.
John wrote, “Brethren, I write no new commandment unto you, but an old commandment which you had from the beginning. The old commandment is the Word which you have heard from the beginning,” 1John 2:7. The only Word they had at that time was the Old Testament. The Old Testament is the only context from which John could speak. Verse 24 continues, “Let that therefore abide in you, which you have heard from the beginning. If that which you have heard from the beginning shall remain in you, you also shall continue in the Son, and in the Father.”
Yahshua kept every one of the Feast days. He said He had kept His Father’s commandments and we are to follow Him, John 15:10. He did so perfectly, without fail, 1Peter 2:21-22.
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE
Yahshua often prayed to Yahweh with the honorable title “Father.” After Yahshua’s resurrection, which appellation(s) did the Apostles use?
A – Father
B – Yahweh
C – Sovereign
D – “Father” only
Interestingly, we have no example of the Apostles ever using the term “Father” in prayer, though we can be sure, by the Messianic example, that the apostles used that title in their devotional life. The two Apostolic prayers that are recorded use the title “Sovereign” and the holy name “Yahweh” based on an analysis of the Greek construct in those passages (Acts 1:24; 4:24, 29). We know from instructions in the Psalms that they had to use the holy name in worship. An overview of all the facts indicates that the Apostles used whatever Name or title was appropriate for the occasion, and did not invoke the “Father” only, as some have suggested.
Almighty Yahweh is blessing YRM as we continue spreading the Truth to the entire world. As we recently reported, our video sermons and teachings have been seen by millions, thanks to the outreach of social media. Yahshua’s prophecy in Matthew 24:14 is being fulfilled. “And this good news of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.”
Our website, yrm.org, has also been experiencing similar success. On May 17 we began to track visits and hits to the site and the following is what we found: In the last three weeks there have been 25,182 visits to yrm.org!
How they found us:
About 9.6 thousand came from those searching for us online through Google, Yahoo, etc. Facebook contributed more than 500. The rest were from dozens of sources all over the internet.
What they were looking at:
Articles and booklets made up 70 percent of the content viewed. Your Father’s Name booklet had 855 views. Our weekly Sabbath worship had 862 views (“Shabbat Live”).
Where they were from (Top 10 countries):
1. U.S. 18,417
2. U.K. 828
3. South Africa 806
4. Canada 724
5. India 501
6. Australia 428
7. Philippines 426
8. Germany 213
9. New Zealand 191
10. Singapore 154
We are blessed of Yahweh as we labor to “preach the Word” to a world increasingly in dire need of it. We thank all who support and pray for these efforts.
Brand New Video to Be Shown Tonight
Join us this evening at 8:00 (central time) as we premiere the “sequel” to our most popular video on YouTube, Uncovering Jerusalem’s Lost Temple. Our Temple video has garnered the attention of the History, Travel, and Discovery channels. Set your alarms and join us as we uncover the mystery of Jerusalem’s lost Temple.
Clicking on the link below will take you to the premiere page. Be sure to click the “Set Reminder” button so you do not miss it. You can also chat with us and fellow watchers. And don’t forget to like and subscribe and share with your friends and family. Click here>>
Flood Waters Reaching Crest
Monsoonal rains (on top of the tornadic destruction) in mid-Missouri have subsided. Pray for those who are suffering here and in other states through this springtime ravaging and flooding. Being on higher ground, Holts Summit is not in danger of floodwaters and praise Yahweh we were spared the tornado as well.
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE
How many times does the word “Sabbath” appear in the New Testament of the KJV?
Amazingly, the word “Sabbath” appears 60 times in the New Testament of the King James Version. This day was sanctified and observed in the Old Testament (Gen. 2:3; Ex. 20:8-11; 31:13; Neh. 10:31), the New Testament (Luke 23:56; Acts 13:14; 16:13; 17:2; 18:4), and will be enforced in the millennial Kingdom (Isa. 66:23; Ez. 46:1). The fact is, it was not Scripture that changed the day of worship, but a pagan Roman emperor named Constantine. From our publication, Sabbath Keeping – Answering the Arguments, we read, “Issuing the first civil edict making Sunday the day of worship for His Roman empire was Constantine I or Saint Constantine, also known as Constantine the Great. He was emperor from 306 CE to 337 CE and according to history was the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. However, prior to his conversion it is well documented that this man was a sun worshiper and only converted upon his death bed. This is the same king who required Sunday observance by civil command!
“In his famous edict of 321 CE, Constantine declared, ‘On the Venerable Day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country, however, persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits; because it often happens that another day is not so suitable for grain-sowing or for vine-planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost.'”
Tabernacles is fast approaching. We have only a couple of rooms available for Feast of Tabernacles lodging (Sept. 14-21). If you want a room but have not yet sent in your Feast reservation, now is the hour of decision. Rooms are only $150 for the entire week. Once the rooms are gone, your options will be tent, camper (only one full-hookup site left) or motel. Register Here>>
A Study Bible Dream for Today’s Berean
So many misunderstandings and errors in popular beliefs and teachings are cleared up in the 7,000 notes and footnotes of the Restoration Study Bible (RSB). You do yourself a disservice trying to navigate the Scriptures without one. We continually get scriptural questions that are already answered in the RSB, including all those perplexing questions your minister tries to sidestep.
Through Strong’s Hebrew and Greek dictionaries conveniently part of the appendix, we go directly to the source languages for root meanings. When the Bible student consults the languages from which the Bible is translated, many more misunderstandings are cleared up. In addition, only the best scholarship is consulted to solve problematic passages in the RSB.
The RSB is straightforward and without a doctrinal axe to grind or private views to promote. It does not attempt to uphold any church creeds or preconceived notions. It is one of the best myth-busting, study tools available today. Let the RSB open your eyes to so many truths you never knew. As one Bible student remarked, “I learned more just reading the footnotes than in 25 years of going to church.”
With all of its eye-opening advantages, why would anyone not want an RSB as his or her go-to Bible? Get your own Restoration Study Bible and be amazed by what you learn. You won’t find a better value. Order Here>>
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE
Circumcision is still required for believers in the New Testament.
While physical circumcision is no longer required in the New Testament (Acts 15:19; 1Cor. 7:19), circumcision through baptism into Yahshua’s Name is obligatory for all believers (Col. 2:11-13). Upon true repentance a person is to be baptized into the saving Name of Yahshua the Messiah (meeting the scriptural age of accountability, which is 20), Matthew 3:13-17; Acts 2:38; 4:12; 8:16; 10:43; 19:5; Romans 6:3. Through baptism we become a new man, free of our old carnal nature, Romans 6:3-6; 7:6; Colossians 2:12; 1Peter 3:21. Answer A
Yahweh’s Protection from the Storm We and Yahweh’s people and facilities at Holts Summit were blessed with His protection from the EF3 (just shy of an EF4) tornado Wednesday night that unleashed a direct hit on the center of Jefferson City seven miles away. Based on its 30-mile-long, northern trajectory, our facility near Holts Summit was directly in its 20-mile path. But just a few miles from us, it turned eastward. Thank you for your prayers. Yahweh is good to His faithful!
Outreach Reaches New Heights Our YouTube videos are experiencing steady interest and growth. We now have more than 75,000 subscribers and over 140,000 views of our programs just in the last month. The total views from our YouTube channel have now surpassed 11 million.
Booklet Given New Life We have published a new and improved booklet on the number seven entitled, “The Commanded Appointments and the Cycle of 7.” This revamped publication reveals additional significance and meaning in the number seven in the Scriptures. From creation week to the seven annual Feasts, Yahweh created a unique influence in the number seven, both physically and spiritually. This number that equates to spiritual perfection is built into the universe itself, and rejuvenates us in numerous ways when we align our lives and worship to it.
Supporting YRM Is Easy The kitchen renovation at YRM continues making progress as some of the commercial appliances have been put in place. You can conveniently donate toward the fund or to our other outreach programs at our website: https://yrm.org/donate/ A reminder that Amazon Smile contributes a portion of your purchases to YRM every time you shop with Amazon online, and it costs you nothing. To participate in this program, go to: https://smile.amazon.com/
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE Two of the annual Feasts are week-long observances and include high days and non-high days. We must observe the high day Sabbaths of the Feasts of Unleavened Bread and Tabernacles, but the rest of the days in those week-long Feasts are optional and are not necessary for us to gather on or observe.
The law in Leviticus 23 states what was done during these Feasts: “And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Yahweh: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto Yahweh seven days…” (vv. 6-8) Note the number: seven days. Concerning the Feast of Tabernacles we read, “On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto Yahweh: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto Yahweh: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein” (23:35-36).
When Israel was rebuilding the Temple under Zerubbabel, to return to proper worship they began by keeping the Feast of Tabernacles. Ezra 3:4-5 details this event: “They kept also the feast of tabernacles, as it is written, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number, according to the custom, as the duty of every day required; And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of Yahweh that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto Yahweh.”
To offer daily offerings the people had to be physically present every one of the seven days. If only the high days were mandated then Israel would not be required to give offerings each day of the Feasts.
Only a few rooms remain in the recreation center at YRM for the Feast of Tabernacles September 17.
We encourage those who want to stay in the center but don’t yet have reservations to act soon. Other options are tenting, travel trailer or a motel room. The weather should be warm for camping and we have electrical hookups in some tent areas. We look forward to a terrific Feast blessing and encourage all with a heart to obey Yahweh to join us.
Supporting YRM Made Easy
Summer months are typically hard on the ministry income. Our bills are relentless year-round, however. We are also knee-deep in kitchen remodeling at the fellowship hall and need your help so we can make it usable by Tabernacles. Donations so far: $1,140. Goal: $18,000. You can donate to the fund and in a variety of other ways. Discover how at our website: https://yrm.org/donate/
A reminder that Amazon Smile contributes a portion of your purchases to YRM every time you shop with Amazon online, and it costs you nothing. To participate in this program, go to: https://smile.amazon.com/
TEST YOUR TUTELEGE
Why is the first biblical month essential to the rest of the yearly Feasts of Yahweh?
A. Because the whole series of seven Feasts are based on the first one.
B. Because Yahweh’s Feasts are agriculturally established, including the first one.
C. Because Yahweh’s Feasts pivot on firstfruits of the individual Feast harvests.
D. Because “seasons” in Genesis 1:14 means appointed times, set by the first Feast.
Disregarding the Abib firstfruits of the first biblical month of the year leads to a cascade of derailments in the Feast calendar. If the first month of the year is off by a month, the rest of the calendar and its Feasts will also be off a month. Abib is specifically and only defined as a stage of maturing barley. It is not solar. The greening of barley grain into the dough stage is the only criterion specified in the Bible establishing the first month of the year is. Therefore the first month is appropriately called Abib. Many unstudied in the Feasts and the all-important firstfruits that are offered within them stumble by splitting Pentecost or Feast of Weeks into two separate Feasts, calling one Pentecost and the other the “Feast of firstfruits.” In doing this they end up with eight Feasts, misusing Exodus 34:22. Their fuzzy math works only if they combine the Feast of Tabernacles and Last Great Day into one Feast, which is a popular error. The Bible clearly separates them into two observances, Leviticus 23:36, 39. Tabernacles and Unleavened Bread are both seven days. Yahweh’s design is consistent in both Feasts.
The Feast of Weeks or Pentecost will be observed this weekend on May 12 at Holts Summit. We will have two inspiring days of spiritual uplift and learning. Both messages Sabbath and Pentecost will be broadcast live (1:30 pm Central). Come join others of like faith for a weekend that only Yahweh can give as we obey His command in this third moed of the year.
Now Accepting 2019 FOT Reservations
We also invite you to the 2019 Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)
celebration from the evening of September 15th through September 21th (based on the new moon crescent, it may be observed a day earlier). This important event will be observed in Holts Summit, Missouri, at YRM’s facilities. Reservations are coming in, so reserve your room now. Watch a video tour of the activity/lodging center by Bro. Lucas Cecil at https://yrm.org/tabernacles-2019. You will also find a Feast schedule and registration form at this URL.
Kitchen Expansion Fund Needs Your Help
Renovation continues on our kitchen facility at Holts Summit, estimated at a cost of $13,000. We are doing nearly all the work ourselves as we try to economize. The project will double our kitchen space
for Feasts, weekly Sabbaths and other events.
TEST YOUR TUTELAGE
When the Jewish nation is first mentioned in the Bible, what are they doing?
A – Receiving the Law
B – Celebrating the Old Covenant
C – Wandering in the Desert
D – Fighting a war with Israel
Israel was originally a confederation of twelve tribes. After the death of Solomon, the harsh-speaking Rehoboam came to power. Ten Northern tribes of Israel broke away in revolt while the southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained under the leadership of Judah, where Rehoboam remained King (1Kings 12:21). These became known as “The Jews.” A civil war for unification broke out, which was halted only at the command of Yahweh’s prophet (1Kings 12:22-24). From this point forward, “Israel” and “Judah” have parallel but separate histories in the Bible.
The latest Restoration Times magazine should be showing up in subscribers’ mailboxes soon, along with the Feast and new moon calendar and information on the kitchen remodel at YRM and how you can help with it. This issue includes articles debunking evolution, a review of fossilized traditions, Pentecost, how Easter came from Passover, humility, and much more. You can download a digital copy at: https://yrm.org/restoration-times-archive/ Pictured are dedicated volunteers preparing the issue for mailing.
Feast of Weeks May 12
In about a week we will be observing the Feast of Weeks, or Pentecost, at Holts Summit. Those joining us will enjoy an inspiring two days of spiritual uplift and learning. We have 27 lodging rooms in the multipurpose center for a nominal fee of $20 per night. Come join others of like faith for a weekend that only Yahweh can give as we obey His command in this third moed of the year.
You can reserve a room by calling us toll free: 1-844-899-6438
Now Accepting 2019 FOT Reservations
We invite you to the 2019 Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) celebration from the evening of September 15th through September 21th (based on the new moon crescent, it may be observed a day earlier). This important event will be observed in Holts Summit, Missouri, at YRM’s facilities. Watch a video tour of the activity center by Bro. Lucas Cecil at https://yrm.org/tabernacles-2019/ You will also find a Feast schedule and registration form at this URL.
Feast of Tabernacles Worship and Activities
The Feast offers incredible insight into our Father’s plan of salvation for mankind. It represents not only Israel’s 40 years in the wilderness, but prophetically points to the coming Kingdom, when Yahshua will govern the earth with His saints, Revelation 20:6.
Above all, the Feast is a time to worship Almighty Yahweh (Lev. 23:1). There is no greater purpose! To follow this command, we will have daily worship services along with several Bible studies throughout the Feast. We will also have a baptismal service for those seeking immersion into Yahshua’s Name. A Night of Special Music is always a hit, and all are invited to participate. In addition to the inspiring and informative messages and Bible workshops, we have several activities planned, including: volleyball, basketball, bingo, Hebrew dancing, western day, a day at the lake, and so much more!
Kitchen Expansion Fund – Can You Help?
Because our kitchen facility at Holts Summit is woefully inadequate for feasts and other events, we are renovating the facility. A used commercial dishwasher was purchased at a fraction of the cost of new a couple of years ago and we are taking it out of storage for installation. A convection oven and standard gas oven were also purchased used and await installation. Plumbing has recently been completed for the dishwasher. We are doing nearly all the work ourselves as we try to economize.
We estimate the total cost of the kitchen expansion at $13,600, with fire suppression range hood. If you would like to help with any aspect of this project, here is the breakdown you can choose from:
Propane install: $1,500
Range hood with fire suppression: $6,300
(Range hood without fire suppression $3,000)
Split unit AC: $1,500
Wall panels of stainless steel for oven: $1,300
Help with any of these items would be great blessing to YRM. This much-needed project will bring many years of convenience and enjoyment for all who come for Yahweh’s Feasts.
Manuscripts from a heretical sect of the fifth century
Old Testament scrolls discovered near Mt. Sinai in Arabia
Rabbinic writings that are only nominally sacred
Word abbreviations found in the Greek New Testament
The term Nomina Sacra is Latin for “Sacred Names” and refers to abbreviations found in the early Greek New Testament manuscripts. As noted in the Restoration Study Bible, “[It] was a literary device used to abbreviate several words in early Greek NT manuscripts. Bruce Metzger’s book, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible, lists 15 examples of these abbreviations from Greek papyri: God, Lord, Jesus, Christ, Son, Spirit, David, cross, mother, father, Israel, Savior, man, Jerusalem, and heaven (examples appear as found in KJV). Except for ‘mother,’ which is not found until the 4th century CE, all other Nomina Sacrahave been found in Greek manuscripts from the first through third centuries CE. While scholars are still debating their purpose, some propose that this shortening of key words may have been used to replace the Tetragrammaton (see Ex. 3:15) with the common title Kurios(typically abbreviated ‘KS’ with a line above), in Greek Christian manuscripts, as found within this passage. This offers a possible explanation as to why Yahweh’s Name is missing from the Greek NT. In fact, in those places where the Tetragrammaton should appear, the definite article is missing in front of the [Nomina Sacra]. This conclusion is supported also by German scholar David Trobisch’s work, The First Edition of The New Testament….” (note on Matt. 1:22). Answer: D.